An analysis of technical and tactical performance of national soccer teams of Kenya, Germany and Argentina
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This study set out to identify the differences in technical and tactical performance of the national soccer in matches involving Germany, Argentina and Kenya at International level. Additionally, the study sought to identify the variables that characterize the respective winning and losing teams and to establish the level of accuracy of each of the technical and tactical variables in matches. A total of 27 unedited and pre-recorded matches were observed on a play back video machine. The matches involved were nine for Kenya, nine for Argentina and nine for Germany. The matches were selected on a stratified random sampling basis. The data obtained were analysed both descriptively and inferentially. The statistical analysis techniques used included the one-way analysis of variance and the independent t-test, where the rejection of the null the hypothesis was set at p<. 05. A post hoc comparison Newmankeuls test was used to confirm significant findings on the F ratio. The ANOVA findings revealed that whereas there was a significant difference in the performance of the off sides, corner kicks, throw-ins, headings, free kicks, and goal kicks, in the matches involving the national soccer teams of Germany, Argentina and Kenya, that on passes, goals, shots at goal, crosses, tackles, attacking movements, fouls and injuries was not significant. It was also established that the winners tended to have more passes, free kicks, offside, fewer corners, more throw-ins, more shots at goal, more headings, goal kicks and fewer fouls. However, differences existed between the matches involving Kenya, Germany and Argentina pertaining to the throw ins, crosses, fouls and attacking play. Regarding the effectiveness in the execution of the technical variables, Kenya had a higher ratio of unsuccessful throw ins, shots at goal, free kicks, crosses, corners and passes. However, Kenya had a higher ratio of successful headings and goal kicks compared to Germany and Argentina. Argentina players were the most effective in tackling. It was recommended that efforts be initiated to start a research studies focusing on management of Kenyan national soccer teams; conduct similar studies using the Kenya premier league teams, and in comparing the different regions of Africa.