The Moderating Effect of Organizational Characteristics on The Relationship Between Information Technology Integration and Performance: Empirical Evidence from Selected Public Hospitals in Kenya
Malongo, Iloka Kenneth
Muathe, Stephen M. A.
Waithaka, Stephen Titus
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With the continuing digital revolution steered by the Internet, organizations are moving towards information technology integration to improve their performance. Regrettably, these developments have in no way been all-inclusive. The health gap between public institutions in first, second, and third world nations has broadened. Public organizations in second and third world nations are characterized by poor performance. This study sought to establish the moderating effect of organizational characteristics on the relationship between information technology and the performance of public hospitals in Kenya. The study used the Technology Organization Environment (TOE) theory. The study was guided by explanatory and cross-sectional research design. The target population was 98 public hospitals in Kenya. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 294 respondents. Primary data was collected using semi-structured questionnaires. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses were used. The study results established that organizational characteristics moderated the relationship between information technology integration and the performance of public hospitals in Kenya. Therefore, the study concluded that organizational characteristics play a major role in an organization’s adoption and utilization of information technology integration. The study recommends technologies should be customized to fit the type of organizational characteristics for better performance.