Management of Postcolonial Intrastate Conflicts in Uganda: A Case of Northern Uganda
Omona, Andrew David
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This thesis analyses how the various postcolonial intrastate conflicts in Uganda and the Northern region in particular have been managed. In pursuit of this the nature, manifestation, causes, and effects of the postcolonial intrastate conflicts on the state and social cohesion of the local people were specifically teased out. The successes and failures of the mechanisms used for managing the conflicts were analysed with the intent to assess the efficacy of peace building from below in managing ethno-social conflicts in Northern Uganda. The researcher used qualitative design. The data for the study was collected by the use of interviews, focus group discussion, observation and literature analysis. Through using the phenomenological and descriptive approach of data analysis, the study established that apart from the first two years of independence, Uganda has gone through different sorts of conflicts. At different points and geographical spaces, the triggers and drivers of Uganda's postcolonial intrastate conflicts have been ethnicity, religion, natural resources, regionalism, and the struggle for power thus leading to a deep seated division between Ugandans at the national level. The degeneration of some of these conflicts at local levels in Northern Uganda worked negatively to set the local people against each other. As such, wanton destruction of lives and properties, wastage of national resources, and mistrust became characteristic at local levels. Consequently, it led to retardation of development, dehumanisation, the expression of revenge attitude and destruction of social cohesion amongst local communities in Northern Uganda. Of the many attempts made to address the different conflicts in Uganda and Northern Uganda in particular, the efforts of the local people within the conflict area was found to be very instrumental in addressing issues of conflicts at local levels. This is because such people understand the local context of the conflict well thus making them address such it contextually. To help promote the efforts of the local community in managing conflicts at local levels, there is need for respect of established traditions, respect for elders, empowerment of the local peace teams and sincerity in such processes, to mention but a few.