The Influence of Organization Culture on Strategy Implementation in Selected Universities.
Isaboke, Cyrus Isaboke
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Strategy implementation has become an essential part of business strategies in today's competition. Higher education institutions have many stakeholders who must be involved in the strategic management process. The institutions are complex organizations with a strong sense of tradition and a distinct culture. The growth of the institutions of higher learning demands that strategic management be an aid in goal determination and achievement. While factors affecting strategy implementation by institutions are largely known, there is paucity of research on the influence that organization culture has on strategy implementation. This study ..... is therefore undertaken to fill this gap. The general objective of the study was to establish the influence of organization culture on strategy implementation. The study used a descriptive survey design. The target population was the employees of the Technical University of Mombasa and Pwani University while the accessible population was 103 employees that were sampled by the. researcher. The study respondents were identified using the proportionate stratified sampling method. Questionnaires were administered to obtain primary data. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences to generate frequency tables, means and standard deviation. The results indicated that organization " culture had an influence on strategy implementation in institutions of higher learning. This was indicated by a majority of the respondents who indicated that they strongly agreed and agreed with the statements related to organization culture and strategy implementation. From the study It can be conc1uded that dominant characteristics, behavior norms and surface level culture (symbols) have a strong influence on strategy implementation. Future research is recommended on the problems of change management in institutions of higher learning that are on transition.