To examine factors influencing implementation of vector borne disease control strategies by the Ministry of Livestock Development in Kenya
Kariuki, Evanson Wanyoike
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Vector borne diseases that affect livestock, wildlife and humans are those diseases brought about by disease causing agents found in the vector. The latter transmit the disease causing agents that include viruses, pathogens, worms, bacteria and protozoa. Depending on the nature of disease, tick borne diseases have ticks as the vectors, trypanosomiasis has tsetse fly as the vector, Rift Valley fever has mosquito as the vector. The vector themselves do not get the infection. Over the past 100 years various control measures have been put in place in order to control the vector borne diseases. Most of these strategies have not been successful and recurrence of the disease has normally occurred causing a major problem in the disease control. The purpose of the study is to examine the factors influencing the effectiveness of the various control strategies with reference to Kenya. The overall objective is to examine factors affecting the implementation of strategies employed in the control of Vector Borne diseases. The research design used was descriptive. This type of research attempts to describe such things as possible behaviour, attitudes, values and characteristics (Mugenda et aI, 2003). It is a process of collecting data in order to test hypothesis or answer questions concerning the current status of the subject in study. The scope of the study involved collecting data from the veterinary professionals. A sample of 36 officers was selected to participate in the study. This is purposive sampling was done in such a way that the sample represented all the Nairobi Districts and included Kabete veterinary laboratories and Kajiado District. Relative weight was placed to areas with higher prevalence of vector borne diseases. Data was collected through questionnaires then analyzed using SPSS. Statistical tools like mean, frequency of occurrence; bar charts were used to describe data collected from the sample. From the above analysis interpretation of data, conclusions and the necessary recommendations in regard to effective vector borne disease control strategies was made as a way forward. Further areas for further research were suggested. Some of the few recommendations done included, the involvement of the stakeholders participation that included gender in the implementation of the vector borne disease strategies and the request for increased Government support.