The relationship between organizational culture and the performance of secondary schools in Gucha district
Organizational culture means a set of shared values, beliefs, standards of behaviour and common expectations that control the ways in which individuals and groups in an organization interact with each other to achieve organizational goals and also influence the effectiveness of strategy formulation and implementation. It is a pattern of basic assumptions that are taught to new personnel as the correct way to perceive, think and act on a day-to-day basis. The importance of organizational culture for implementing strategy is that it influences the behaviour of employees and motivates them to achieve or surpass organizational objectives. The purpose of this study was to investigate and establish the relationship between organizational culture and the performance of secondary schools in Gucha district. Specifically, the study sought to identify the set of core values, beliefs and practices and the extent to which they were upheld by members, to establish the level of performance of secondary schools in national examinations and to determine the relationship between the cultural components and the performance of the schools. It was hoped that this study would provide useful information to education stakeholders on how to develop appropriate cultures of their organizations that would allow effective implementation of organizational strategies, provide additional literature on already existing literature on culture development in organizations and therefore benefit other researchers interested in this area of study who would borrow ideas and use it as a point of reference, help the stakeholders of Gucha District including teachers, parents, school principals and the Ministry of Education staff who would understand where Gucha District was in terms of culture development, maintenance and implementation, and also help the government especially the Ministry of Education on policy formulation related to culture development and maintenance. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population was all head teachers of secondary schools in Gucha district, their deputies and academic heads of department. Stratified sampling of schools was done to get the sample of schools. Respondents were sampled purposively. The researcher used questionnaires and observation schedules to collect both qualitative and quantitative data. Qualitative data was analyzed in narration form while quantitative ,data was analyzed by use of frequencies and percentages. Tables were used to present data for easy interpretation. Regression analysis and Pearson's correlation coefficient methods were used.