A comparative study on the effects of motivation on teachers' performance in private and public primary schools in Nairobi. A case of Lang'ata and Embakasi divisions
Ndereba, Angela Nyambura
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This study is concerned with the effects of motivation on teachers' performance in private and Public schools. Motivation is the term used to describe those processes, both instinctive and rational by which people seek to satisfy the basic drives perceived needs and personal goals, which trigger human behaviour. The aspect of motivation in employees in general is really complex. The study was undertaken as a comparative study on the effects of motivation on teachers' performance in private primary and public primary schools in Nairobi's Langata and Embakasi divisions. The choice of the education sector and more so primary schools is deliberate since a great proportion of the country's resources are spent on education programs. The proposed study adopted mostly an exploratory design to obtain primary data. A descriptive study was also conducted with the researcher obtaining secondary data from existing sources in the library, the Internet and in journals. The target population of the study was all the schools in Embakasi and Langata divisions. The sample for the study was drawn by stratified 'random sampling and consisted of a total of 40 schools, 20 of them private and the other 20 public. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and with the help of the SPSS computer package, the data was presented in charts, tables, line graphs, bar graphs and cross tabulations. Data was analyzed using qualitative and quantitative data analysis techniques and revealed the following findings: 1. Private school teachers are highly motivated as compared to public primary school teachers. Those in public schools are very experienced but not motivated to the same degree as the ones in private schools 2. Teachers in private schools work in an environment that is more conducive to good performance. They have good classrooms, Libraries, transport and have more interaction between teachers and parents than in public schools. They are also provided with adequate sporting facilities. These are motivators that lack in public schools or are quite minimal. 3. There are good reward systems for teachers in private schools, which is a motivator, than in public schools. Punishment by the head teacher is done with utmost care with a view to motivating and encouraging the teachers in their work. Dialogue and counseling are applied much better in private schools than in public schools. This motivates teachers and encourages them further to better performance.