Organizational Factors and Performance of Non-Governmental Healthcare Organizations Projects in Homa Bay County, Kenya
Mogeni, Dennis Nyaoko
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Project success is important to all stakeholders since it involve resources, finance and time resources. Health based non-governmental organization has for a time concentrated in treatment and prevention of disease especially HIV infections in developing countries. Despite non-governmental organizations efforts in combating HIV infection in Homa Bay is still very high. The research aimed to investigate project management practices and performance of non-governmental healthcare organization project in Homa Bay County, Kenya. The following specific objectives helped achieve this; to evaluate the influence of planning process and practice, implementation practices stakeholders’ participation practices, monitoring and evaluation practices. The study was supported by the RBV theory, stakeholder’s theory, system theory and theory of project management. The study used descriptive research design that sample 6 non-governmental organization with 210 employees, out of this target population as sample of 138 respondents were picked through stratified sampling technique. Data validity and reliability was examined before through supervisors review and pilot study respectively. The data was collected using questionnaire then analyzed after picking from the respondents. Descriptive statistics with mean and standard deviation was acquired. Inferential statistics were generated utilizing a regression model and displayed. The study found that planning process, communication, stakeholder participation and resource allocation a substantial correlation with project performance. The study concluded that a project is guided by the planning process from beginning to end, and it is during this phase that project team members take on responsibility for duties that are delegated to them. Project success is dependent on efficient communication, and enhancing communication increases success and decreases risk. Project stakeholders must embrace a shared understanding in order to participate in the project's decision-making process. Project managers may quickly predict resource availability in real-time and evaluate their timelines through resource allocation. Resource forecasting results in more effective staffing. The study recommends that the project managers should make clear what they must do together, determine the procedures required to get there, and create an action plan for how they would proceed. In order to avoid misunderstandings and delays that could lead to project failure, project managers should regularly evaluate the information for a specific project. They should also adhere to a system of regular and targeted communication. Stakeholder analysis, or an evaluation of a project's major participants and how the endeavor will impact their needs and difficulties, is something that project managers should do. Before the project can start, the resources must be assigned. Project managers need to find the appropriate resources to implement healthcare projects successfully.