Resource Management and Performance of Road Construction Projects: A Case of Kenya National Highways Authority, Nairobi City County, Kenya
Kemboy, Justine Kipchirchir
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Globally, infrastructure development is critical in defining a country's overall productivity and economic development Road construction project performance is critical for every economy's growth and development. It is vital to the economy in terms of wealth creation and job creation. However, road infrastructure projects in developing nations are more frequently underfunded, and a higher percentage of road projects built by local enterprises in these countries have encountered cost and time overruns, as well as failing to reach promised quality standards. The general objective of this study was to investigate the influence of resource management on the performance of construction projects by Kenya National Highway Authority (KeNHA) in Nairobi City County. The study specifically sought to determine how human management, finance management, materials management, machinery and equipment management influences performance. The study was anchored upon the theory of constraints, institutional, resource-based view and the stakeholder’s theory. A descriptive research design was adopted targeting an accessible population of 10 ongoing road infrastructure projects within Nairobi City County undertaken by the Kenya National Highways Authority from 2019. The sample of the study comprised of 175 respondents made up of project managers, site engineers and project team members. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect primary data. Validity of the study instruments was assessed with the help of the supervisors. The reliability was determined using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed to analyze the data. Simple linear regression analyses were used to determine the relationship between variables. Estimates of statistical parameters were used to present the findings. The study results indicated that there was a positive relationship between human management, financial management, material management and machinery management. The findings of the regression analysis reveal that human resource management showed an improvement in the performance of road construction projects. Similarly, the study established that financial management improved the performance of road construction projects. It was also established that material management, machinery and equipment had a positive effect on road construction projects. The study recommends that it is critical that qualified, The Kenya National Highways Authority should use experienced and professional human resources in road development projects. This makes an assurance that road construction projects are finished at the stated time, on budget, and on schedule. Further the study recommends that The Kenya National Highways Authority in collaboration with county government should ensure that funds set aside for implementation of road projects are fully utilized. This will ensure that the county gets value for money. The results of this study are expected to generate significant empirical data for scholars interested in this area of study. In addition, the research is likely to add to more knowledge pertaining planning and management of projects.