Impact of Anglican Church and Kenya Assemblies of God Teachings on Sexual Behaviour Choices of University Students, Nairobi City County, Kenya
Rotich, Marseline Cherono
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Christian teachings promote moral development among emerging adults especially those in universities. The Christian faith's beliefs have a psychological impact on developing individuals because they may affect their sex views and attitudes. According to biblical views on sexual morality, sex is holy and should only be shared by married couples. The purpose of the study was to investigate how ACK and KAG teachings in sexuality, influence sexual behaviour choices among university students in Nairobi. The specific objectives of the study were to; analyse the pertinent sexual behaviour practices of students, establish ACK and KAG sexuality teachings that shape how respondents characterise negative sexuality, how church affiliation determines the sexual behaviour choices, and assess the challenges faced by students in applying ACK and KAG sexuality teachings. The study utilized the Social Identity Theory, Kohlberg Theory of Moral Development and Smith Theory of Moral Sentiments of the effect of religion on human behaviour. The study applied a mixed research design that combined qualitative and quantitative cultures of inquiry. Data were collected using structured questionnaires, In-depth Interviews schedules and Focus Group discussions, and analysed by use of Predictive Analysis Software (PASW). The quantitative methodology saw the targeting of a sample of 334 students from 3 selected universities, who were frequent members of Bible study fellowship in the selected universities. The Study followed the cross-sectional descriptive design and use of inferential statistical analysis. The qualitative methodology employed purposive and criterion sampling of a total of 42, who were; administrators, counsellors and focus group discussions that involved leaders of Christian Union groups. About objective one, the study found that the prevalence rate for negative sexuality was high. It was caused partly by weakness in peer and mentoring programs as well as inadequate parental involvement in the social life of students. About objective two, the findings observed that ACK and KAG teachings were significant predictors of sexual behaviour choices. ACK and KAG teachings were adequate for helping respondents avoid negative sexuality. The study findings from objective three established that church affiliation had a significant, predictive effect on sexual behaviour choices. Objective four study findings identified several factors that were hindering students from following proper Christian teachings on sexuality. The study concludes that these factors include lack of adequate teachings on sexuality, before and during their tenure at the university. Observed too is the permissive culture in universities and weak interventions, such as peer counselling and mentoring programmes. The study recommends that there is a need to intervene through a multi-pronged strategy that seeks to affirm biblical values on sexuality and strengthen intervention designed to help emerging adults avoid risky or negative forms of sexuality. This study has shown how sexuality teachings work to shape sexual attitudes towards negative sexuality.