Efficacy of Strategies that Mitigate Challenges Faced by Women Infected with Hiv/Aids in Majengo Urban Informal Settlement, Nyeri County, Kenya.
Wanjiru, Sarah Wanjiku
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HIV and AIDS continue to devastate the world, particularly Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. The infection patterns rates are different for men and women because of biology, physiology, socially constructed gender norms, roles, unequal power relations and social-economic inequalities. This study investigates the efficacy of interventions strategies mitigating the challenges faced by women with HIV / AIDS living in an informal urban settlement in Nyeri County. The study applied the theory of social-economic factors, which show that economic factors greatly influence an individual’s sexual behaviour. The study design used was a descriptive study that utilised both qualitative and quantitative data. The study’s purpose was to find out how effective were the strategies that have been put in place to alleviate challenges faced by women living with HIV and AIDS in Majengo urban informal settlement in Nyeri county. This was also to assess knowledge and use of preventive measures against sexually transmitted infections and HIV among women living with HIV and AIDS. Besides, the study identified practices among the women living with HIV and AIDS, which were risk factors for the transmission of HIV, and identified appropriate strategies to help reduce further spread of the virus. The study collected information using structured questionnaires. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted, and a focus group discussion held with participants. Descriptive methods of analysis were used for data analysis. The study found out that the success of the HIV and AIDS intervention strategies in the community and among individuals depends largely on the success of various programmes. Majority of the respondents, 63.8% felt there was a need to have more gender-responsive strategies and improve on what is provided by the government and other stakeholders. The respondents noted that the essential thing was to maintain their health. The study recommends that more gender intervention strategies should be used on women, and especially those who live in informal settlements. The government and other stakeholders in the health sector should strive to improve the infrastructure of health facilities within and surrounding the informal urban settlements.