Counter-Terrorism Measures andHuman Rights Protection in Kenya
Mutungi, Stephen Kimathi
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Many counter-terrorism measures enacted by states have been criticized for violating human rights. This study soughtto assess the Kenya’s counter-terrorism framework to ascertain whether the established counter-terrorism measuresviolate or adhere to the protection of human rights. The study adoptedan exploratory research design to assess the counter-terrorism measures and alleged human rights violation in Kenya. The target population wasthe national security organs, counter-terrorism agencies, civil societies championing human rights protection, securityenforcers and watchdog bodies. The sample of 200 respondents and informants was drawn from the National Assembly, Ministry of Interior and Coordination of National Government, the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights, the International Federation for Human Rights, UN Counter-Terrorism Centre and Amnesty International Kenya. A stratified and purposive sampling technique wasemployed in selecting the respondents and informants during the study. The findings of the study established various stick and carrot counter-terrorism strategies used by organizations, government,and security apparatusin Kenya.These strategies are faced by severalchallenges. A number of these measures violate human rights. There are however, some counter terrorism strategies that uphold human rights. The counter-terrorism strategies that the government can adopt in respect of human rights to include youth empowerment and employment, enhance surveillance and intelligence gathering, stop renditions and use of force, proper investigations, uphold human rights and rule of law and public education, awareness,and participation. Thestudy recommends government to adopt counter-terrorismpromote human rightsprotection. Further, the study recommends that the governmentsneedto create public awareness and participation in counter-terrorism strategies and measuresto build public confidence on itsefforts to fight terrorism.