Emergence and Role of Amisom Peacekeeping Mision in Somalia; 2011-2016
Gurhan, Mohamed Mahat
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The study aimed to interrogate the African Union Mission (AMISOM) peacekeeping efforts from 2011-2016 in Somalia. It examined the effects of the AMISOM mission in the Somalia statebuilding process and the perception of the Somali general public on the peacebuilding efforts. The following objectives guided the research: to interrogate the typologies of conflict in the period in Somalia between 2011-2016, to investigate the involvement of AMISOM in Peacekeeping in Somalia, and to examine the various peacekeeping measures put in place by the Somali Government. The study used primary and secondary data in tackling the above objectives. Primary data was collected through questionnaires and face to face interviews, while secondary data was refined to test accuracy and relevance in this research. The data was analysed thematically and with respect to the objectives of the study. AMISOM intervention in Somalia has restored law and order, but incidences of insecurity are still being witnessed, albeit at low levels. It was found out that the state-building process in Somalia is slow due to infighting by different sections of society. Furthermore, the commoditization of security, interference by external forces, and thriving war economy is a major to state-building in Somalia. The study recommends the disarmament of both anti-government and pro-government militias and a negotiation process that involves all players to achieve peace and stability.