Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMukami, Asunta
dc.contributor.authorNg’etich, Alex
dc.contributor.authorSyombua, Easter
dc.contributor.authorOduor, Richard
dc.contributor.authorMbinda, Wilton
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-22T08:27:38Z
dc.date.available2021-06-22T08:27:38Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationMukami, A., Ng’etich, A., Syombua, E., Oduor, R., & Mbinda, W. (2020). Varietal differences in physiological and biochemical responses to salinity stress in six finger millet plants. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 26(8), 1569-1582.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/22396
dc.descriptionResearch Articleen_US
dc.description.abstractFinger millet is an important cereal that is grown in semi-arid and arid regions of East-Africa. Salinity stress is a major environmental impediment for the crop growth and production. This study aimed to understand the physiological and biochemical responses to salinity stress of six Kenyan finger millet varieties (GBK043137, GBK043128, GBK043124, GBK043122, GBK043094, GBK043050) grown across different agroecological zones under NaClinduced salinity stress (100, 200 and 300 mM NaCl). Seeds were germinated on the sterile soil and treated using various concentrations of NaCl for 2 weeks. Early-seedling stage of germinated plants were irrigated with the same salt concentrations for 60 days. The results indicated depression in germination percentage, shoot and root growth rate, leaf relative water content, chlorophyll content, leaf K? concentration, and leaf K?/Na? ratios with increased salt levels and the degree of increment differed among the varieties. On the contrary, the content of proline, malonaldehyde, leaf total proteins, and reduced sugar increased with increasing salinity. At the same time, the leaf Na? and Cl- amounts of all plants increased substantially with increasing stress levels. Clustering analysis placed GBK043094 and GBK043137 together and these varieties were identified as salt-tolerant based on their performance. Taken together, our findings indicated a significant varietal variability for most of the parameters analysed. The superior varieties identified could be used as promising genetic resources in future breeding programmes directed towards development of salt-tolerant finger millet hybrids. Further analysis at genomic level needs to be undertaken to better understand the genetic factors that promote salinity tolerance in finger millet.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe World Academy of Sciences grant through the generous contribution of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherPhysiol Mol Biol Plantsen_US
dc.subjectFinger milleten_US
dc.subjectPhysiological and biochemical analysesen_US
dc.subjectSalinity stressen_US
dc.subjectVarietal differencesen_US
dc.titleVarietal differences in physiological and biochemical responses to salinity stress in six finger millet plantsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record