Availability of Physical Infrastructure in Implementation of the Competence-Based Curriculum in Public Primary Schools in Kericho County
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A competency-based curriculum is a curriculum that allows students to develop prescribed competencies. In Kenya, the Competence-Based Curriculum implementation of 2-6-6-3 was adopted in January 2017. This education system replaces the 8-4-4 system of education and it aims to nurture the learners’ talents. School preparedness for the new curriculum change in Kenyan public primary schools is very important in the education policy framework. When curriculum changes take place in education, teachers as instructors and implementers should be supported to be competent in their work. The educators have a responsibility to ensure that today’s learning content meets tomorrow’s global demands for every learner. However, in Kenya, various stakeholders have expressed concerns regarding school and teachers’ preparedness for the Competence-Based Curriculum. The objective of the study was to find out whether there is a relationship between the availability of physical infrastructure and the implementation of the competency-based curriculum. Dewey’s Social Constructivism theory guided the study. A descriptive survey design and correlation research design was used in this study. The target population of the study included 24 County Support Officers (CSOs’), 524 headteachers, and 610 Grade 1 teachers. The sample size was 6 CSOs, 52 Headteachers, and 61 Grade 1 teachers. A saturated sampling technique was used to select all the 52 headteachers from 52 schools. Simple random sampling was used to select the schools and CSOs. A purposive sampling technique was used to select Grade 1 teachers in Kericho County. Data was collected using interview schedules, questionnaires, and an observation schedule. Quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics in the form of percentages, means, and standard deviation, while inferential statistics were correlated using Pearson product-moment correlation. Qualitative data was analysed using themes and sub-themes. The findings established that physical infrastructure had a moderate positive influence on CBC implementation with a correlation of 0.336 and a calculated value of 0.029 for the headteachers and 0.285 with a calculated value of 0.03 for Grade 1 teachers. Shortage of physical infrastructures like nutrition rooms and music rooms had a mean of 2.18 and 1.88 for headteachers. Grade 1 teachers’ response was 1.39 and 1.35 for nutrition and music laboratories respectively. The findings of the headteachers on teacher preparation had a moderate positive influence on CBC with a correlation of 0.494 with a calculated value of 0.00. The teachers had a correlation of 0.369 with a calculated value of 0.005 and were significant to the study. The study recommended that the government should increase funds to enable schools to construct laboratories. The results of this study are important for the successful adoption of the competency-based program through the participation of education stakeholders.