Influence of Organizational Resources on Implementation of Strategic Plans in Private Primary Schools in Kirinyaga County, Kenya
Maina, David Karanja
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Planning has been identified as a critical component by which the organizations achieve rapid quality results in their operations. Empirical evidence reveals that over 60% of public primary schools in Kenya have strategic plans but do not implement them. According to Kirinyaga County Education Office, most private primary schools infrequently implement strategic plans. The general objective of the study was to investigate the influence of organizational resources on the implementation of strategic plans in private primary schools in Kirinyaga County, Kenya. The specific objectives were; to determine the importance of human resources, financial resources, information technology resources, and organizational leadership on implementation of strategic plans in private primary schools in Kirinyaga County. The study was anchored on the Agency Theory, the Resource-Based View, and the Resource Advantage Theory. The study adopted cross-sectional, explanatory and descriptive research designs. The study targeted 270 members who comprised of 90 headteachers,90 PA, and 90 BOM chairpersons. The sample size of the study was 81 respondents who comprised of 27 head teachers, 27 BOM chairpersons, and 27 PA chairpersons. Primary data was collected through semi-structured questionnaires. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze quantitative data. The analyzed data was presented using frequency distribution tables. The study established that human resources, financial resources, information technology resources, and organizational leadership had a positive statistically significant influence on the implementation of strategic plans in private primary schools in Kirinyaga County. The study recommended to management the need to invest in human resources, strengthen and enforce policy on sourcing and use of funds, policy on procurement of ICT infrastructure, and improve organizational leadership by providing strategic direction effective communication and prudent allocation of resources. The data was gathered by using a self-administered questionnaire, analyzed by use of descriptive statistics utilizing tables. SPSS was used to analyze data through a regression model.The study will contribute to knowledge addition by revealing the influence of organizational resource on the performance of private primary schools in Kenya.