Evaluating the Determinants for the Adoption of Tissue Culture Banana Technology by Small-Scale Farmers in Nyamira County, Kenya
Nyang’au, Evans Motanya
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To address food insecurity in Kenya, there has been a significant intensification of agriculture to feed the growing population. One of the technologies used is tissue culture (TC) banana technology. However, in spite of the exertions done to disseminate this technology to small-scale farmers, research studies report low adoption rates of the technology. Hence, this study seeks to establish the determinants of the adoption of tissue culture banana technology. The study was carried out in Nyamira North sub-County. The study objectives were; to examine socio-economic characteristics determining the adoption of tissue culture banana technology, to determine benefits accrued from the adoption of tissue culture bananas and to identify constraints farmers face in the adoption of TC banana technology. The study adopted a descriptive study design, and data collection was mainly done through the use of questionnaires, interview schedules and direct observation. Secondary data were collected from published materials, journals and magazines. Qualitative data were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics while quantitative data were cleaned, coded and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Regression analysis was finally used to determine the relationship between variables. Findings indicated that farmers’ socio-economic characteristics such as age, gender, marital status, level of education,farming experience, land size and access to credit affect adoption of banana tissue culture technology. They further revealed that sources of information affect farmers’ adoption of improved banana farming practices. Farmers identified diverse challenges like lack of capital, TC plantlets, poor extension services and poor infrastructure affect farmers in the adoption of TC bananas. Intervention measures were suggested on how the problems could be addressed to positively enhance adoption of TC bananas. The study recommends formation of savings and credit cooperatives, awareness creation among farmers, improving road network in rural areas, establishing one nursery of TC bananas in each ward and subsidizing the costs of TC banana plantlets. The research findings are expected to be useful to various stakeholders boost the production of bananas and enhance food security.