Effects of Public Participation on Policy Implementation: Case of Elgeyo Marakwet County, Kenya.
Mionki, Ntombura. E.
MetadataShow full item record
Policy implementation is actualization of governments’ plans and programs as an answer to societal problems. It is a reaction by the government to the socio-economic problems affecting the residents of Elgeyo Marakwet county which is a semi-arid region in North Rift at the floor of rift valley of Kenya. The research was a case study done at Kabiemit ward that exhibits general population character of Elgeyo Marakwet county. In emulation to other researches done by development agents the researcher sought to determine effects of participation on policy implementation in effort to address the root cause of socio – economic problem mooted by poverty in the region. Policy implementation is successful if sufficient and effective participation by stakeholders is done in a free and secure environment It’s focused on general policy implementation. The researcher investigated how participation affects implementation and then use the findings to improve on policy implementation. Two variables, policy implementation which was dependent variable and participation the independent variable with environment as the moderating variables have been used. Objectives were; to find out the effects of representation on policy implementation, to examine the effects of information exchange on policy implementation, to find out the effect of stakeholder interaction on policy implementation and to find out the effects of environmental moderation on relationship between participation and policy implementation. H01: suggested that there is no relationship between participation and policy implementation while H02: Information exchange has no significant effect on policy implementation and the third hypothesis H03, Suggested that stakeholder interaction has no effect on implementation. Research questions sought to answer or confirm the hypothesis above. The researcher preferred to use both research questions and hypothesis in this study. Most of government projects fail at early stages. The study sought to unravel the root cause of project failure and use the knowledge acquired to reverse under development in the area. The researcher used two theories to explain the situation, the Social Exchange theory as lead theory and the New Public Management theory. Conceptual framework showed the interaction between the variable and their indicators. The study used cross -sectional research design and descriptive statistics to explain the phenomenon. The target population was 410 adult residents of Kabiemit ward that attend public participation in the past as per past records in attendance registers of past sessions. A 10% of this was the study sample selected through simple random sampling. Questionnaires were used to get data that was analyzed using (SPSS) statistical package for social sciences version 23 and Spearman’s coefficient to illustrate relationship between the variables and present the findings for easy interpretation. The findings can used in improving policy implementation in future and inform the government of what to do to correct already stalled policies in the area. From the findings, majority of the respondents (65.9%) reported that there is a policy implementation within the community while only 34.1% disagreed that policy implementation within the community is not evident. There are factors that inhibit policy implementation which include existence of competition among different stakeholders, conflict of interest, mistrust among stakeholders and poor management. The study therefore recommends that the government makes use of more platforms when informing the public on the date, time, venue and topic of discussion and also on the relevance of the topic to the local people. It also recommends that proper monitoring and evaluation mechanisms be implemented with sufficient resources to ensure that policy implementation is successful. Regression result showed that increase in presentation by one unit would have a corresponding unit in policy representation equivalent to 0.463 units.