Implications of Parental Drug Abuse on their Participation in Pre-School Children’s Education in Embulbul, Kajiado County, Kenya
Ouma, Moses Oyieno
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Parental drug abuse is a global concern and a major issue affecting their involvement in pre-school children’s learning. It negatively impacts their much needed involvement particularly provision of the needs of children who are at a vulnerable stage in life. The purpose of this study was to determine the implications of parental drug abuse on their involvement in children’s education in Embulbul Sub-county in Kajiado County. This study was guided by the following objectives; to establish the prevalence of parental drug abuse among parents of pre-school children and to assess the influence of parental drug abuse on their children’s education; attendance of school meetings/functions; and to find out measures that could be put in place to avert the low participation of drug abusing parents in their pre-school children’s education. The study was guided by Epstein’s Model of Parents’ Involvement and adopted a descriptive survey design method. A sample size of 8 (55%) out of 14 pre-schools, a similar number of head teachers and 24 (50%) pre-school teachers (three from each school) was selected. Questionnaires for teachers and interview schedule for head teachers were used to collect data. A pilot study was conducted in four pre-schools to determine validity and reliability of the instruments. Analysis of qualitative data involved organizing it into relevant themes as per the research objectives/questions and presented using direct quotes in narrative form while quantitative data entailed use of descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviation. Cross tabulations were done to measure the relationship between parental drug abuse and their involvement in children’s education. The findings in the study established that the most abused drug was alcohol. Majority of teachers agreed to a very great extent that parent alcoholism and drug abuse affected pre-school class attendance. Half of the teachers reported that parents who abused drug rarely assisted their children in homework. Most parents who abused drugs did not adequately provide for their children at preschools. The study concluded that parental drug abuse had a negative impact on children’s education. To improve parents’ attendance of school meetings, the study recommended that parents should be motivated to ensure that their children accomplish their goals. Training initiatives should be implemented in order to inform parents on the importance of parental involvement in children’s education.