Community participation in decision making in mosquito control in malindi district, Kenya
Kibe, Lydia Wanjiku
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This qualitative study was conducted in Malindi District to document and highlight the process and challenges of community participation in decision making in mosquito control. A total of 4 focus group discussions were conducted with members from organized community groups involved with mosquito control activities, 8 individual interviews were held with stakeholders and key individuals from organized community groups while 8 observations were made during groups and PUMMA meetings, Interviews were tape-recorded, transcribed and translated before coding was done using QSR Nvivo7. Results from the study shows that voluntary community groups under the umbrella of PUMMA (PUNGUZA MBU MALINDI), which is an umbrella body, that coordinate mosquito control activities are carrying out activities aimed at creating awareness on mosquito control to Malindi residents. Major activities included observance of annual mosquito field event, buying and selling insecticide treated bed nets, draining and filling and educating residents on mosquito control. Perceived social pressure, perceived importance to mosquito control and perceived benefits were cited as individual intentions to join voluntary community groups dealing with mosquito control activities. The decision to form an umbrella group PUMMA was reported to be as a result of lack of coordination and support by Municipal council, feeling of neglect and mis-trust from the Green Town Movement and the need to work together for a common goal. Recognition, support and supervision, training, success in previous activities by PUMMA and expectations of "better things to come" motivated the groups towards decisions for mosquito control activities while lack of tools and finances to support group activities, volunteerism and low knowledge by community members on mosquitoes hindered group decision making power.Community groups under the umbrella of PUMMA are contributing to mosquito control activities. The success in their activities, training and support makes them feel recognized and appreciated. However considerations should be made on how this can be continuous and sustainable. The individual intentions to joining volunteer groups action is needed as this influences individual decision to joining mosquito control groups. Stakeholders support and networking is needed to supplement group efforts.