A comparative study of factors influencing equal employment opportunities practices in public Universities : a case of non-teaching staff in U.O.N, K.U and J.K.U.A.T
Ndegwa, Rose Muthoni
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The promise of equal opportunity is a legal right afforded to all of our nation's workers and job applicants, and should be woven into the fabric of every organisation's dream. This is the only way individuals workers would be helped realize their dream. Equal opportunity in the Kenyan workplace is a matter of social justice and a national economic imperative. Kenyan public Universities plays an important leading role in today's global marketplace. To continue that role, we must make full use of the University's human capital by promoting workplace practices that allow all workers to achieve their highest potential. Today's emerging workplace issues are vastly different from those of a decade ago the condition is affected by Technological advancements, unprecedented economic growth, the globalization of world markets and profound demographic shifts which are reshaping the workplace. All institutions of higher learning should be committed to maintaining an inclusive community which recognizes and values the inherent worth and dignity of every person; fosters tolerance, sensitivity, understanding, and mutual respect among its members; and encourages each individual to strive to reach his or her own potential. In pursuit of their goal of academic excellence, the universities should seek to develop and nurture their diversity. Diversity among its many members strengthens the institution, stimulates creativity, promotes the exchange of ideas, and enriches campus life. The Universities should promulgate policies and programs to ensure that all persons have equal access to its employment opportunities. All aspects of the employment relationship, including recruitment, selection, hiring, training, professional development, tenure, promotion, compensation, and separations, should be administered in accordance with the "Statement of Principles and Values" and this equal employment opportunity policy. Additionally, Universities are to promote the full realization of equal employment opportunity through a comprehensive affirmative action program applying to all units. This study is an investigation the factors that affect equal employment opportunity practices for non-teaching staff in the institutions of higher learning as stated in the Act of Employment. The equal opportunity policy should spell out the organizations determination to give equal opportunities to all, irrespective of sex, race, creed and marital status. It could also state that the organization will use its best endeavors to provide equal opportunities to for all. (Armstrong 2003). This study targeted the non-teaching staff of three public universities near Nairobi, which include Nairobi University, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), and Kenyatta University (KU). The study will focus on those in the middle and senior level cadres. This is a comparative study that analyzes and evaluates the factors that influence EEO practices in various public universities. This study was aimed at collecting qualitative information that captures the experience of staff in the workplace and provides insight into the nature and causes of inequitable access to employment opportunities that can be used in EEO planning in public Universities. The study is a descriptive survey research. In the study both secondary and primary data was used. Data collected was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential analysis. The findings of the research are expected to be useful to relevant authorities concerned with regular review of Universities management policies.