|dc.description.abstract||Enrolment in primary schools has massively increased over the years.
Unfortunately, this impressive enrolment has been noted to dramatically
decrease by class two. Dropout rates are significant and critical during the first
and second year of entering school. The study postulates that failure to
mitigate school dropout could primarily be due to the causing factors not being
addressed at its root cause at the early stage. The purpose of the study was to
establish the influences of school dropout among lower primary school pupils'
in Korogocho slums, Kasarani division, Nairobi County. The main objective
of the study was to establish the causes of school dropout among lower
primary school pupils. In addition, the study aimed to establish the influence
of pupils demographic, parental, socio-cultural, school factors on school
dropout. The study adopted Basic Needs theory by Abraham Maslow (1943)
and Social Cultural theory by Lev Vygotsky (1986). Descriptive research
design was used. The study location was in Korogocho slums in Kasarani
division Nairobi County. Purposive sampling technique was used to sample
360 respondents. Pilot study was done in two schools. Data was collected
using questionnaires, interview schedule and FGDIKII. Data was ana lysed
using descriptive and inferential statistics. Chi Square (X2) was used to
analyze inferential statistics and correlation coefficient significant was at 0.05.
It was presented in tables, graphs, frequencies and pie-charts. Based on the
study findings, it was deduce that gender greatly influenced school dropout
whilst age did not influence school dropout. It was further confirmed that the
two parental factors investigated did not Influence school dropout. The two
socio-cultural variables investigated, social group influenced while religion
did not influence school dropout. The study also found out that class
population & teacher/pupil relationship did not influence school dropout.
Other notable school factors investigated and influenced school dropout were;
illness and lack of school fees. Conclusion based on the study highlighted that
school dropout among lower primary school pupils is real and substantial.||en_US