BC-Department of Environmental Planning and Management

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Now showing 1 - 10 of 10
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    Use of GIS and Remote Sensing in Tourism
    (Springer Nature, 2020) Magige, James M.; Jepkosgei, Charlynne; Onywere, S. M.
    A geographic information system (GIS) is a computer-based information system using special tools to manage location-based data and their attributes for decision-making. Geospatial functions cut across many fields and support problem solving through geodata design and analysis. GIS have been used, for example, in environmental conservation and wildlife management. Its use in tourism planning, development and management, and marketing of destination products is only a more recent approach. The adoption of the technology affects both the sustainability of environmental resources and the quality of tourists’ experience. The purpose of this chapter is, first, to explore the functionalities and usage potentials of GIS in the tourism domain. Second, two studies of Maasai Mara Game Reserve and Nairobi National Park portray how GIS and satellite remote sensing imagery is applied to assess the ecosystem’s changes, their causes, and major implications. Examination of Landsat satellite image data for 2000 and 2017 shows that due to conversion of areas to farmlands and settlements, the coverage of Mau Forest Complex, the main catchment area for the Mara ecosystem, had reduced by 30.2% and vegetation by 22.8%. The analysis of Nairobi National Park showed that the Kitengela wildlife migration corridor has been completely encroached by human settlement and mining activities, thus seriously compromising the performance of the ecosystem. Mapping of human development pressure on the ecosystem using GIS technologies can be used to assess and manage the tourism resources potential in conjunction to biodiversity conservation as a critical element in improving wildlife as a tourism destination product.
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    Status of disaster risk management in Kenya
    (School of Environmental Studies and Human Science, Kenyatta University, 2007) Yitembe, Andre; Kirui, Alan Isaac; Mango, Nelson
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    Status and potential of payments schemes forwildlife conservation in Africa
    (School of Environmental Studies and Human Science, Kenyatta University, 2007) Yetich, Thomas
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    Principles and application of strategic environmental assessment
    (School of Environmental Studies and Human Science, Kenyatta University, 2007) Kinoti, Mary K.; Koech, Michael K.
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    Harnessing Micro-Organisms for the Management of Wastewater
    (School of Environmental Studies and Human Science, Kenyatta University, 2007) Okemo, Paul
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    Ecotourism and its potential for community development in Kenya
    (School of Environmental Studies and Human Science, Kenyatta University, 2007) Kenya, Peter F.; Geteo, Carolyn M.
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    Eco- Industrial parks and their potential contribution to sustainable industrialization
    (School of Environmental Studies and Human Science, Kenyatta University, 2007) Kituyi, Evans
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    Review of Environmental Governance in Kenya: Analysis of Environmental Policy and Institutional Frameworks. In Handbook of Environmental Policy. Meijer, S. and A. der Ber (ed).
    (2012-03-20) Letema, Sammy; Mireri, C.
    Rio Conference on Environment and Development in 1992 gave environmental management major impetus. Member states of the United Nations committed themselves to the principles of sustainable development as per Agenda 21. Sustainable environmental management is an integral part of Agenda 21. Following the conference, member states of the United Nations of which Kenya is one, committed themselves to initiate processes to institutionalise good environmental governance for sustainable development. As part of its commitment to the UN Conference, Kenya implemented National Environment Action Plan (NEAP) in 1994 to provide a basis for up-scaling environmental management in Kenya. NEAP process culminated into Environmental Management and Co-ordination Act (EMCA) of 1999, which came into force in 2002. Prior to the promulgation of EMCA in 1999, environmental issues had no Locus Standi. Environmental management issues were dealt with by several sectors in different ministries and good environmental governance was not highly prioritised. In cases of violations to the environment affecting the public generally, then the person who had an interest and right to sue was the Attorney General and not a private citizen. EMCA has created instruments for good environmental governance with potential to create a clean and healthy environment if only it is effectively and efficiently implemented.