Constraints to inclusion of students with hearing impairments for training at Kenya Technical Teachers College
Kimathi, Susyline Gatakaa
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The education of learners with hearing impairments started in Kenya in 1958. To date they lack access to middle level training after acquiring a crafts certificates course in the two vocational institutions for the hearing impaired. With the global trend of inclusive education, it is possible for regular training institutions in general and Kenya Technical Teachers College in particular to offer further training for them. The purpose of the study was to establish constraints to inclusion of students with hearing impairments for training at Kenya TechnicaJ Teachers college and make suggestions for facilitation of more persons with hearing impairments to train as technical teachers than it is presently. This was done by examining various variables using descriptive survey design and a target population of eight hundred and fifty students, one hundred and seventeen lecturers, twelve heads of departments, one pJincipaEand three old students of Kenya Technical Teachers' college with hearing impairments. Sampling techniques used to arrive at the sample size were purposive sampling to select the principal and heads of departments, stratified then random sampling to select students and teachers respondents and snowball to select old students with hearing impairments _The sample size constituted eighty five students (forty five males, fortyfema1es), twelve teachers (six males, six females), eleven heads of departments. one principa4 and two. old students with hearing impairments. Data were collected using questionnaires for students, lecturers and heads of department. Interview guides for the principal and old students with hearing impairments and observation checklists for lessons and physical facilities. A pilot study was conducted in the same institution using one depattment that was exdud'ed from; the main study. The purpose was to ensure validity and re!tabaity of the instruments in Which reliability of 0.8 was obtained. Being a descriptive survey, the objectives generated descriptive data which was measured using dE7criptive statistics sum as frequencies and percentages. The study revealed that the teaching learning resources were inadequate and most of them unsuitable; no teacher was trained in speCial eeds Education or conversant with sign language. There were no support services in the institution. The teaching - learning strategies that were being used required adjustments to cater for students with hearing impairments. There was 00 poticy on special ~ucation to stimulate implementation of inclusive education. The results of the findings led to the conclusion that there were constraints to inclusion of students will hearing impairments at Kenya Technical Teachers college. In view of this the study recommends fn-setiVrcUitgnf teachers in special needs in education and sign language, deployment of teachers who are trained in special Needs. Provision of more suitable resources and support services and adaptation of the teaching -learning strategies.