Factors influencing Implementation of Kenya Integrated Education Programme for Primary School pupils with Visual Impairments in Kitui and Nairobi counties
Ogombe, Gladys Ambiyo
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The purpose of the study was to investigate factors that influence implementation of KIEP programmes for primary school pupils with visual impairments. Two schools were selected out of the five schools implementing integrated programmes in Nairobi and Kitui counties due to large population of pupils with visual impairments in these schools from which a sample was drawn. These schools were Kilimani primary school in Nairobi County and Muslim primary school in Kitui County. The study utilized a descriptive survey research design. The target population was 503 respondents while the sample population was 139 respondents. The respondents comprised pupils with visual impairment, sighted pupils, teachers, head teachers and ministry of education officers. Sampling techniques employed included purposive sampling and random sampling by lottery. Questionnaires, interview schedules and observation schedules were used in the study. For reliability purposes, the research used split-half technique for assessing reliability. Validity was ensured through construct and content validity. Data collected was coded and analyzed using statistical package for social science programme. The study established that specialist curriculum for the VI in the area of training in use of low vision devices, orientation and mobility was not receiving due recognition, as it was not time-tabled in the school master time-table. Further, the study indicated that lack of adequate braille materials adversely affected the programme. However, community participation at various levels, as well as acceptance of students with visual impairment by their sighted peers positively influenced KIEP programs. The study recommended the establishment of more resource centers by the ministry of education where these programmes exist and NGOs intervention in complementing the government‟s efforts especially in organizing for transport services for these children.