Cohesive Devices in Dholuo Sermons: A Textual Analysis
Saddimbah, Christine R.
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This study investigates the elements in spoken discourse that make words in a text be mutually connected within a sequence in selected Dholuo sermons. It falls in the area of discourse analysis. The Halliday and Hasan's model of cohesion was used to determine the nature of cohesion, establish the cohesive devices used and determine the frequency of use of the various categories of cohesive devices. The study is important since it adds information; on cohesive structure of spoken discourse, to the existing knowledge of spoken discourse and also to the already existing data on studies in Dholuo and other African languages. It is also of great assistance to translators due to the differences in the conventions of cohesive structure between languages. Descriptive research design was used in the identification, classification and interpretation of the findings. The significant findings were that, though the five categories of cohesive devices were present in the sermons, not all preachers used all of them. The category of ellipsis and substitution were least used while lexical cohesive devices were preferred. Some subcategories like the article and clausal substitution were not present it was evident that gender does not determine the choice of cohesive devices. It is recommended that other text types in Dholuo or other Nilotic languages be studied to find out whether their cohesive structure would be the same as the current structure. It is also important to note that the cohesive structure may differ from one language to the next thus the description of the cohesive structure of other African languages would make an interesting study.