The impact of instructional materials on performance in music in secondary schools in Bungoma county
Nambafu, Khasiro Violet
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Music in particular plays an important role in the achievement of national goals of education. However, performance in Music examinations at secondary school level in Bungoma District has been low and fluctuating. The current study investigated the impact of instructional materials on performance in music in secondary schools in Bungoma District, Kenya. The purpose of the study was to assess the available resource materials, their use and how they affect performance in music. The objectives of the study were to: establish the adequacy of music instructional materials in secondary schools, ascertain the extent to which music materials are utilized in the teaching and learning in secondary schools, analyze the performance of students in KCSE music examinations in the district and determine whether teacher qualification and commitment in secondary schools affect performance in music. The current study employed the descriptive survey design. The study population was all the teachers and students of music in the eleven schools in the District. To select the sample size, simple random sampling design was applied. A sample size of 117 students and teachers took part in the study. The study utilized a questionnaire and an observation schedule as tools for data collection. To test for reliability and validity of the research instruments, a pilot run was carried out to two schools in the District. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive analysis procedures by use of frequencies, percentages and presented using tables, pie charts and bar charts. Qualitative data were reported in form of texts. The findings of the study were: there were inadequate musical materials and text books for teaching music in secondary schools in the District. Instruments such as pianos were absent in majority of schools, Traditional music instruments such as Isilili, Litungu,Chivoti , ishukuti were very popular among a majority of schools ,KCSE results in music have been plummeting. Factors for poor results are: inadequate instruments, high teacher turn over (transfers), inadequate text books, and shortage of music teachers, lazy students, teacher and students' absenteeism, lack of remedial teaching in music, methods used in teaching and inadequate time resource for practice, teachers were not academically qualified, teachers ill prepared practical lessons. Recommendations are: Address inadequacy of musical materials and text books for teaching music in schools in the District, teachers to prepare music practical lessons in advance in order to test the instruments before they are used for actual lessons and the government to recruit teachers who are academically and professionally qualified.