Housing primary school teachers in Lugali division, Kakamega district, Kenya
Wambia, J. K.
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Everyone needs a comfortable home, clean environment and necessary social amenities that go with it. Indecent housing not only affect the physical and mental health, working efficiency, emotional security and social status of those who occupy them but it is also a burden and a threat to the rest of the community. It was in view of this that the researcher set out to study the housing of Primary School Teachers in Lugari Division-Kakamega District. The Teachers Service Commission, the sole employer of all teachers in government and non-government schools posts them anywhere in Kenya where the Commission considers that their services are required. This posting is based on the assumption that, the school communities will have built both institutional and rental houses to accommodate such teachers. The purpose of this study was to find out: 1. Whether the schools and their neighbourhoods provided enough decent houses, social amenities, and security for teachers following their posting. 2. Whether teachers faced any housing problems and if the location of their houses affected the teachers' professional duties. 3. Whether teachers occupied and preferred to stay in either rental, institutional or own houses and if those houses provided enough rooms. 4. Whether teachers benefited from the house allowance scheme for teachers and if they felt that the rental allowance was sufficient for their housing needs. 5. Whether teachers felt that married female teachers should be given house allowance. The study involved one hundred (100) teachers from twenty schools. Questionnaires for teachers and headteachers were the major instruments used. An observation schedule and formal discussions with respondents were the additional means used to gather more information for validating data gathered. The major findings were that: Teachers faced various housing problems including lack of rental and institutional houses in the schools and their neighbourhoods. That the distance and location of their houses adversely affected the teachers' professional duties; that they preferred to stay in their own houses despite the fact that not many of them benefited from the rental and owner occupied house allowance scheme. The teachers also felt that married female teachers should be given house allowance.