The affective domain of music: factors affecting musical aesthetics among some Kenyatta University students
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The purpose of the present study was to investigate which factors affect Music appreciation among Kenyatta University Students. A total of sixty respondents, aged between 17 and 25 years taken from the first year of study, were selected from six disciplines in the three faculties in the University, for the research sample. Data was obtained by means of a questionnaire, coupled with taped music specimen, as primary sources. Secondary sources included interviews, and behavioral observations. No scientific measurements of musical qualities were used for the study. Data obtained from the study revealed that the respondents preferred soft, soothing, easy-flowing, expressive music to loud, noisy music. Further findings revealed that the respondents' internal mood effects and facial expressions varied considerable between the periods prior to and immediately following the playing of the music excerpts used to test their aesthetic reactions. Additional findings revealed that Music was seen to be a means of communication and a vehicle of expression for various musical components including melody, rhythm, and texture. Music was also seen to consist of : (i) The production and appreciation of organized, pleasant sounds peculiar to every culture, and (ii) Sounds used to excite an individual's dreams, cultural expressions and experiences, and his perceptions about life. Generalizations can be made regarding persons of the same age-bracket even though these persons may not necessarily be University Students.
- MST-Music