Correlates of student's deviant behaviour in selected secondary schools in Nairobi
Kombo, D. K.
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This study investigated the correlates of students' deviant behaviour in selected secondary schools in Nairobi province. The study used a survey method with an application of ex post facto research design on eight sampled secondary schools. From the schools, 310 form IV students, 73 parents, 8 headteachers and 8 guidance and counseling teachers, who were randomly selected participated in the study. Three types of research instruments were used to elicit data. These were: Quesionnaire, interview and observation schedules. The obtained data were subjected to statistical analysis. The results were then used to determine the existence of relationships between independent and depended variables. To facilitate data analysis, chi-square and Gamma statistics were employed. The statistics were computated using SPSS programme. Each computated Chi-square statistical value was compared with the appropriate table (critical x ) value to establish its significance. In each case, the significance of a particular relationship was determined at 0.05 level of significance. A major justification for the study is that to date the problem of deviance rates has been largely concentrated more among the secondary school. Hence there is need to ascertain the correlates of deviance in our secondary school institutions and suggest possible solutions. The study is organized into five chapters. Chapter one starts with introduction, background to the problem, statement of the problem research questions assumptions of the study, significance of the study, limitations of the study, definition of terms and organization of the study. In chapter two, detailed and diverse literature on deviant behaviour has been examined to give the reader the actual picture of deviance in Kenyan schools. It is also in this chapter where conceptual framework was given. Chapter three discusses research methodology while chapter four presents data analysis and discussion of the findings. Chapter five concludes and summarizes the entire study. Here, policy recommendations are proposed and suggestions for further research are also made. The statistical analyses and interpretations of the findings suggested that a good, ideal and conducive atmosphere be created both at home and in the school to help the students to pursue their studies smoothly without damage to school property. The parent’s headteachers guidance and counseling teachers should work in collaboration to strive to inculcate moral education in the students. Second, they should provide and make maximum use of the school to enforce discipline and lastly to provide guidance and counseling curriculum development and instill motivation rather than demotivation which may lead to damage and wastage of school property. Based on the empirical analyses, the following variables correlated significantly: Relationship between the teachers' frequency of offering guidance and counseling services to students by their (students') frequency of being inattentive to teachers in class. Relationship between the headteachers style of handling disobedient students and their (students) frequency of being disobedient to school authority. Relationship between students' frequency of offering guidance in counseling services to their secondary school children and frequency of their (students') damage to school property. These significant relationships mean that the listed variables have important impacts on students' deviance. Consequently, the implications suggested by the finding of this study are that unless the recommended policies are implemented, students will continue to deviate in school. The result of such behavior would be a possible wastage of manpower.