Influence of Bullying Behaviour on Academic Performance among Students in Integrated Public Secondary Schools in Kitui County, Kenya
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Bullying has become more common in Kenyan public secondary schools. On a daily basis, many students face bullying and other forms of violence at school. The majority of pupils in Kitui County's public secondary schools have either been bullied or know someone who has been bullied. As a result, the purpose of this study was to look into the impact of bullying on academic achievement among students in Kitui County, Kenya's integrated public secondary schools. The study's goals were to find out the prevalence of bullying behavior, the impact of bullying conduct on academic achievement, and the measures teachers employ to prevent bullying behavior among students. Social Identity Theory was used to guide the research. A descriptive research design was used in this study. The research was conducted in Kitui Central District. A total of 1302 people were surveyed, including 31 principals, 31 guidance and counselling instructors, and 1294 form three pupils. To pick respondents from diverse strata, a stratified random sample method was utilized first, followed by a basic random sampling method. The total number of responders was 92, with 14 principals, 14 guidance and counselling instructors, and 64 form three pupils making up the sample. Questionnaires for instructors and students, as well as interviews with principals, were used to collect data. To ensure that the tools were valid, a suitability of the content was made, and a re-evaluation method was used to test the reliability of the tools. In order to communicate effectively with consumers, quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as moderate deviations and was displayed using frequency distribution tables, pie charts, and bar graphs. Content analysis was used to analyze the quality data, which was then presented in a narrative manner. The study found a high level of bullying behavior among students from married families, social vulnerability due to leaving different homes, and some students felt stronger than others. Verbal and physical bullying were the most common forms of bullying behavior, and students reported that bullying took place in their school and that every student was bullied. However some students said some of these incidents were not reported to school officials. According to these findings, school bullying occurs in all schools, whether public or private. The study also found that school bullying has an impact on students' academic achievement, whether they are bullies or victims. Although some children did report bullying to their teachers after being bullied, school principals and teachers were aware of the notion of bullying. According to the survey, school administrators and instructors should take a variety of actions to lessen how much tormenting. Instructors ought to likewise cooperate with harassed understudies. To diminish school tormenting, instructors and school organization should give projects to menaces. Participating in extracurricular activities can help pupils enhance their academic performance by reducing the detrimental impact of bullying. Schools should also provide all of the necessary facilities for children to participate in these activities.