Determinants of Juvenile Deliquency on Pupil Management in Public Primary Schools in Kisauni Sub County, Mombasa County
Omondi, Helen Akinyi
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Cases of adolescent misbehavior are widespread not only in Kenya's coastal region, but throughout the country, Arsonist cases in public schools have recently been revealed. This study looked into the factors that influence juvenile delinquency among primary school pupils in Kengeleni Zone, Kisauni Sub County, Mombasa County. The study had three specific objectives: to identify and describe factors that contribute to juvenile delinquencies in primary schools in Mombasa County's Kisauni Sub-County, to determine the implications of the identified factors on juvenile children, and to recommend solutions to juvenile delinquencies in order to mitigate juvenile challenges. With a total of 70 participants, the study used a Descriptive Research Design. The sample size was determined using a proportionate sampling technique, with 11 head teachers, four probation officers, six parents of juvenile learners, and seven juvenile pupils included. Questionnaires for Head Teachers were utilized to collect data, as well as interview schedules for the rest of the respondents. The qualitative data gathered during the interviews was examined and organized into themes and subthemes. Tables, percentages, and graphs were used to show quantitative data. Poverty, slum expansion, social groups, marginalization, low academic performance, a lack of parental role models, and dysfunctional households were the main reasons of juvenile misbehavior. Petty robbery, shoplifting, prostitution, truancy, school dropout, violence and bullying, as well as drug misuse, were all identified to be causes of juvenile delinquency. The study suggests that the Mombasa County government improve the living conditions of slum dwellers by providing cheap housing. That the government ensures that each primary school has a permanently assigned counselor who provides frequent counseling services to the affected students, and that delinquent students are sent to rehabilitation and probation schools.