Causes and effects of girl dropout from primary schools in Masaba Division of Kuria District
Okoth, Florence Achieng
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The main problem of the study was the high dropout rate of girls in primary schools in Kuria District, which has shown a consistent rise over the years. Statistics points out that enrolment rate of girls in class one are much higher than the completion rate eight years down the line. The purpose of the study therefore was to identify causes and effects of high dropout rate in girls in secondary primary schools in Masaba Division of Kuria District. The sampled schools were five of which they were mixed day schools from which an equal number of twenty pupils were drawn totaling to one hundred pupils (classes 6 - 8), three class teachers from the five schools making a total of fifteen, five head teachers, area chief and District Officer (D.O), four religious leaders of four main faiths in the division, five parents randomly selected, ten victims of dropout, Zonal officers and tac tutors, District Inspector of schools, in charge of primary and one official from the DEO's office, a total of 145 sampled population. Data collection instruments used were observation score sheet, questionnaire for pupils and teachers, interview schedules for parents, religious leaders, chiefs, District Officer, zonal officers and T.A.C, District Quality Assurance Officer victims of dropout. Data were analyzed using simple statistics, frequencies and percentages, then theme by theme and content to find the tone of respondents. The findings of the study were that the main cause of dropout of girls was F.G.M. which is a stage/transition from childhood to adulthood, after which they feel too mature to continue schooling, turn to practise sex and fall victims of teenage pregnancies and early marriages. Child labour and performance leading to repetition and dropouts. Head teachers, religious leaders and the administration were found to be active in countering dropouts. Several recommendations were suggested by the researcher; that the government make education compulsory and try to reduce the hidden cost therein, re-entry programmes for dropout victims by strengthening adult education classes, lunch programmes be introduced, policy of repetition hampering completion should be stopped in schools, F.G.M., child labour should be discouraged while rehabilitation programmes in schools to be strengthened. Role models to be shown to girls to emulate. Further research to be carried out even on teacher ratio, poor performance and child labour to access the extent of the problem. The study concludes that, concerted effort is needed by teachers, religious leaders, parents, educational officials, administration, to put their heads together to find solutions to the girl-child education in Kuria.