Impact of Integrating ICT Infrastructure in Teaching and Learning in Kenyan Secondary Schools in Meru County
Ntorukiri, Timothy Bariu
Mukami, , Elosy
Riungu, Celestino Magana
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Information Communication and Technology has revolutionized education globally. There have been unprecedented benefits in all education institution and individuals who have embraced the technology. Major challenges like access, efficiency and quality have been addressed conclusively through integration of ICT. Kenyan government has developed a policy framework on ICT that spell the whole process of implementation of ICT in teaching and learning in all the secondary schools. However, despite the benefits and measures put in place the there has been scanty empirical research to ascertain the impact of integrating ICT in secondary education in Kenya. A descriptive survey design was used to collect data from the field through the use of questionnaire, interviews and an observation schedule. Random sampling method was used to sample 12 secondary schools from the twenty in the County. A sample of 276 respondents comprising 12 principals, 48 teachers, and 216 Form 3 students was used for the study. A correlation coefficient of 0.75 was realized. Descriptive statistics in form of frequencies and percentages were used to analyze data. The findings indicated that impact of ICT integration has not been established in teaching and learning in schools. The was also low investment in ICT infrastructure due to high costs of computer hardware and software. The study recommended that teachers should be given sufficient training on how to use ICT infrastructure in teaching and learning in schools. Learners should also be equipped with ICT skills such as Microsoft software applications such as word, excel and access.