The viability and problems with other alternative sources of funds for secondary schools: a case of Gichugu Division, Kirinyaga District
Njeru, Paul Difatha
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Education is perceived as a cornerstone of economic, social and political advancement of a society. Thus, financing an educational programme is an important aspect of national development. However, the government of Kenya has found it increasingly difficult to finance the entire provision of education. Over the last couple of years, the emphases have been on cost-sharing and looking for alternative source of funds. This study to examines the viability of the alternative sources of funds initiated by secondary schools and the problems experienced in using them as alternative sources of funds for supplementing forthcoming funds from the government, the parents and the community. The study adopted an exploratory approach using a descriptive survey design. It was based on a random sample of 10 secondary schools in Gichugu division. A descriptive analysis of the data from questionnaires supplied to principals, Board of Governors (BoG) members and observation checklist found out the problems the schools experienced in soliciting funds from various sources. The study also examined the viability of such sources. It was found out that fees paid by students formed the main source of revenue for schools' recurrent expenditure. Late payments of fees, parents' inability to pay and poverty within the community were the main limitations to effective funds acquisition. The problems with the alternative sources of funds rendered them unreliable and non-viable for effective running of the schools. The researcher concluded that for there to be effectively run schools, there had to be financial back up. Alternative sources therefore became a chief concern to educators. All schools' activities were to some degree influenced by the amount of funds a school was able to master. There were a few recommendations that were made. The researcher recommended that schools diversify their sources of funds and the need for all stakeholders in education coming together in formulating policies to stream line funding and revenue correction in all schools. The researcher also recommended that there should be further research carried out on issues relating to funding of education through the Constituency Development Fund (C.D.F) and bursaries.