Derivatives Hedging and Performance of Non-financial Firms Listed in the Nairobi Securities Exchange, Kenya
Kivindu, Silvah Ndallah
Njoka, Charity W.
Mungai, John N.
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Since 2010, Kenyan listed non-financial firms have made huge losses due to derivatives hedging. In 2015, Kenya Airways reported a net loss of Kes. 25.7 billion, out of which Kes. 7.5 billion was attributed to derivatives usage. This saw the firm value as measured by Tobin’s Q ratio drop from 0.08 in 2014 to 0.04 in 2015. Kenol Kobil reported a net loss of Kes. 6.28 billion for the 2012 financial year, a drop of 292 percent compared to a profit of Kshs. 3.2 billion in 2011, out of which Kes. 4.6 billion was attributed to derivatives hedging. In 2012, the firm value was 0.63 as measured by Tobin’s Q ratio. In 2013, a Tobin’s Q ratio of 0.53 was witnessed, a drop from 0.63 in 2012 even after cancelling some derivative contracts. Therefore, this study sought to find out the effect of derivatives hedging on the performance of non-financial firms listed in the Nairobi Securities Exchange as measured by the Tobin Q’s ratio. The study targeted all the 34 Nairobi Securities Exchange listed non-financial firms as of 31st December 2017, out of which 10 firms were sampled purposively and studied for a period of six years. A descriptive survey research design and a positivism study philosophy were utilised in the study. The study used both primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected through a questionnaire while secondary data, which was used to evaluate the performance of the Nairobi Stock Exchange listed non-financial firms, was obtained from the published financial statements of the firms. The collected data was analysed using estimators of Stata 15. The study applied both descriptive and inferential statistics to analyse the quantitative data that was collected. The study employed panel data (Fixed effects) based on the Hausman specification outcome, to determine the effect of derivatives hedging on the performance of non-financial firms listed in the Nairobi securities exchange. A negative relationship was found between the derivatives hedging and the performance of the non-financial firms. Currency derivatives, commodity derivatives and interest rate derivative hedging were positively related to the performance of non-financial firms listed in the Nairobi Securities exchange. Exchange rates were found not to have a moderating effect on the relationship between derivatives hedging and the performance of the non-financial firms.