A Link Between Employee Turnover Strategies And Organizational Performance: A Critical Theoretical Review And A Research Agenda
Otieno, Erastus Hezbon
Muathe, Stephen M. A.
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The importance human resources as the most important resources in an organization has been underscored by many researchers and managers. Indeed any organization without human resources is nothing. Employees’ turnover poses a recurrent challenge to most organizations globally and recent studies point to the fact that we no longer have permanent job. Virtually, no organization is immune to turnover, whether small size or big size organizations, all of them are exposed to employees’ turnover. For organizations to be able to achieve their objectives, they must be able to recruit valuable employees from the job market, developing their competencies, motivating them to give their best and maintain them within the organization. Acquiring and maintaining competent employees in the organization is of utmost importance to all organizations. For an organization to be able to maintaining its employees, it should be able to provide a conducive working environment so that employees’ commitment to the organization can be enhanced. Although it may always not be feasible for any organization to fully eliminate employees’ turnover due to several factors, nevertheless it could be minimized. Most of the prior studies mainly focused on causes of employees’ turnover without considering the remedies. One major objectives of any Human Resource department in an organization is to retain all those employees whose performance will lead to the realization of organizational goals while releasing those whose performance is unsatisfactory. Every organization must therefore come to the realization that human resources are of great value to the organization compared to other resources. Excellent management of human resources can be of great help to the organization as this will lead to proper utilization of all the other resources in the organization. The duration that an employee spends working in an organization has continued to fall substantially in the recent years. The reasons that make employees leave their organizations have constituted an in interesting topic of research to organizations.