Impact of child labour on pupils’ participation in primary education in Kirinyaga Central Sub-County, Kenya
Njeri, Muriuki Felister
MetadataShow full item record
The subject on child labour has attracted global concern and calls for public attention. The interest is spurred on by consideration of child labour as a constitutional right issue, its connection to education and significance in the prosperity and progression of the economy. The new economic freedom among pupils particularly in Kirinyaga Central has raised the pervasiveness of child labour and this has serious implications on the participation of children in schools. Such children often fall out of the education system. The study sought to investigate the impact of child labour on pupils’ participation in primary education in Kirinyaga Central Sub-County, Kirinyaga County.The objectives of the study were to identify the causes of child labour in Kirinyaga Central Sub- County, review how child labour influences pupils’ attendance, instruction and academic performance in Kirinyaga Central Sub-County. The study was guided by economic theory which argue that there is a relationship between schooling and labour market outcome for individuals. The theory was used to explain the deleterious effects of child employment on education. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The target population seventy three primary schools in Kirinyaga Central Sub-County. Fourteen primary schools were sampled. Simple random sampling was employed to select fourteen public primary schools to represent all the primary schools in the Sub- County. The sample size for the study was 382 respondents. Questionnaires with closeended and open-ended items were used to collect data from pupils and class teachers while interview schedules were used for the head teachers. Piloting of the instruments was carried out in two schools within the sample to ascertain reliability. Validity of the instruments was ascertained through consultation with seasonal researchers. Data was analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used to generate descriptive and inferential statistics. Qualitative data was summarized and analyzed thematically. Data was presented through tables and narratives. Study findings revealed that pupils are economically active within the household and from without the household. There is also much economic freedom among pupils which has adverse effects on pupil participation in learning. This research recommended more focus on child labour through adoption of a consultative approach in which all stakeholders would be involved in promoting children’s participation in education.