Examination Repeats, Semester Deferments and Dropping Out as Contributors of Attrition Rates in Private Universities in Nairobi County Kenya.
Njoroge, Mary Mukami
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The purpose of this study was to investigate student attrition rates in private universities in Nairobi County, Kenya. The study was based on the attribution theory of achievement, motivation, and emotion by Weiner (1985). The study sample consisted of 387 current and 60 students who had dropped out from 13 private universities in Nairobi, Kenya. Data was collected through a paper based questionnaire and in-depth interviews. The study established attrition levels of 37%. The results also showed a negative significant relationship between student faculty interaction and student attrition rate (p=.03). Based on the findings of the study and the conclusions made, the study recommended improvements in learning environments in order to ease or eliminate student attrition. The study recommends that university amenities such as lecture halls, libraries, hostels and dining points adhere to ergonomics. In addition, mechanisms for early detection of attrition risk should be put in place and supported by technology to ensure students pursue their studies to completion. A further recommendation was that students should be encouraged to always take a proactive approach to university life which would help them seek faculty and peer support and to use the university environment in a manner that would benefit them thus reducing attrition.