An Investigation of Guidance and Counselling Needs of Secondary School Students in Kasikeu Division, Makueni District, Kenya
Mwanthi, Andrew Ndaisi
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Modern technology and scientific discoveries have contributed to the current sophistication of behaviours our adolescents exhibit today. Understanding the biological, psychological, sociological and philosophical nature of adolescence suggests a need to focus on the problems that the stage often brings and to attempt to find solution to them through the methods of guidance and counselling. Many of the problems that a typical adolescent faces are new, but they may be surmounted if a successful adjustment is made. This study sought to delineate the guidance and counselling needs for secondary school students of Kasikeu division, Makueni district.The sample comprised of four schools out of the eight secondary schools in the division which have guidance and counseling services. All were mixed public schools. Four form three classes were purposely sampled and eight teachers. The researcher drew a sample of 160 students, 40 from each school with equal ratio of boys and girls. A pilot study was conducted to test validity and reliability of the research instrument to be used before the actual study. The main research instrument used were questionnaires administered to the teacher-counsellors and students both developed by the researcher. Tables, frequency, percentages and qualitative descriptions (discussions) were employed for analysing and reporting the responses from the subjects. The study revealed that students have behaviour problems that need to be addressed. The teachers are also aware of the life facing students in schools, the common maladaptive behaviours, .modes of punishment and their impacts on the students. Further information revealed that guidance and counselling by teachers played a very important role in readjustment of the maladaptive behaviours. Based on the findings, the study concluded that the Ministry of Education should establish a strong guidance and counseling division in the Ministry to co-ordinate all guidance and counseling activities in the country. Further research in this area should be carried out to help find and place a clear policy and legal framework for provision of effective guidance and counseling services in our secondary schools to help the youth.