Instructional problems constraining the teaching of physical education in Kenyan special primary schools for the physically handicapped
Gathua, Simon Muhoro
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the instructional problems constraining the teaching of Physical Education in Kenyan Special Primary Schools for the physically handicapped. The study covered all the seven such primary schools in the country and was conducted 1n two stages namely; a pilot stage in which one school was used and the main study which covered the other six schools. The subjects were drawn from all the physical education teachers and administrators from the six targeted schools. A total of 42 teachers, (16 male and 26 female) ~n addition to the 6 administrators participated. The administrators comprised 5 headteachers and one deputy; three of whom were male and three females. Data was collected from a variety of sources using questionnaires, interviews and observation schedules. All the teachers in the sample responded to questionnaires. In addition all the administrators were interviewed and 32 live lessons were observed. The data collected were analyzed using a Casio fx-350 scientific hand calculator and developed into frequencies and percentages for interpretation. Ranks and means were used whenever they made the analysis of results clearer. The results of the study established that there was lack of a physical education syllabus, facilities -xiiand equipment suitable for use by the physically handicapped. It was observed that special primary schools for the physically handicapped lacked suitable physical education textbooks. The above limitations were identified as the major problems constraining the teaching of physical education in special schools for the physically handicapped. Other factors limiting the teaching of physical education to the physically handicapped included the lack of sufficient numbers of specially trained teachers. This problem bears a direct relation to the degree of fear for legal liabilities. In addition, this problem was aggravated by a widespread lack of teacher aides. It was also observed that the time allocated for the teaching of physical education was inadequate. Among the recommendations advanced for the' purposes of educational policy and practice included the production of a relevant physical education syllabus and the stepping up of the training of teachers for the physically handicapped. There is need to inservice non-specialist physical education teachers of the physically handicapped and to provide suitable textbooks. Further recommendations were made for researchers to conduct similar studies at the secondary school level.