Influence of occupational hazards on employees’ Job performance in housekeeping department of budget hotels in Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria
Rakiya, Ladidi Abubakar
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Evidence has accumulated to suggest that occupational injuries are on upsurge in developing countries such as Nigeria and little or no consideration has been paid to this trend by the authorities. In this study, influence of occupational hazards on job performance of employees of housekeeping department was studied in budget hotels. The study specifically investigated the prevalent of occupational hazards peculiar to housekeeping jobs in budget hotels, identified the preventive measures available to reduce occupational hazards and evaluated the rehabilitation measures for injured housekeepers and investigated the level of employees’ job performance. The study gives an insight into the type of occupational risks and accidents prevalent in hotel industry particularly housekeeping department. It also allows for a better understanding of working conditions of service and level of compliance of existing occupational hazards rules and regulations by both the employers and employees. The findings of the study are beneficial to all stakeholders in hospitality industry by providing necessary information that may help prevent incidences of occupational hazards, establish rehabilitation / insurance policies that will aid in taking care of the victims of occupational accidents. The findings of the study are also useful for policy decisions by stakeholders. Relevant and related literature was reviewed based on the objectives of the study. Cross-sectional survey design was used for the study. The study was carried out in budget hotels in Nigeria. The study targeted 500housekeeping employees of the hotel industry in Kaduna Metropolis. A sample of 217 employees was derived which was determined using KREJCIE and MORGAN Formula. The employees comprise guestroom attendants and laundry staff who are directly involved in the cleanliness and maintenance of hotels and bear some risk of occupational hazards, supervisors who supervised and trained the other employees in housekeeping duties and safety at workplace and executive head housekeepers who made policies on decision making. Cluster sampling technique was used to select sample from managers and supervisors. Stratified random sampling technique was used to select guestroom attendants, public area cleaners and laundry staff under the study area. Structured and unstructured questionnaires were used to collect the data from the guestroom attendants, laundry staff, public area cleaners and supervisors while interview schedules was used for executive head housekeepers. Descriptive statistics data analysis was used to analyze numerical data collected through opened-ended questions, prevalence of occupational hazards peculiar to housekeeping jobs in budget hotels, preventive measures available reduce occupational hazards and rehabilitative measures on injured housekeepers while multiple regression were used to determine the influence of the independent variables on the dependent variable. Chi-square was used to test the hypotheses. The study revealed that there are more female than male employees in hotel housekeeping jobs, there are occupational hazards that are peculiar to housekeeping jobs and there is inadequate training for employees on preventive measures. The study also showed that hospital bills which are a form rehabilitation measure for injured employees are not paid by either the management of budget hotels or the government. It was revealed that absenteeism, hospitalization, room quota and quantity of linen washed were used to measure job performance. The study concludes that incapacitated employees should be reinstated at work by employers, government should compensate injured hotel employees particularly hotel housekeepers.