A survey of instructional methods used in teaching mother tongue in lower primary classes in Emuhaya Division, Kakamega District.
Oriedo, Hannington Elly's
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The intention of this study was to investigate the Instructional methods that teachers use in teaching Mother tongue in the Lower Primary classes in Emuhaya Division of Kakamega District~ It has been claimed that the teaching of Mother tongue has deteriorated in our primary schools and teachers training colleges. The survey involved an attempt to determine whether Mother tongue teachers have the necessary training, qualifications and experience, and;. whether they prepare Schemes of work and Lesson plans or not. It also involved an identification and description of the methods they follow in teaching Mother tongue; the methods they employ in evaluating their pupils, the instructional materials they use and the problems they encounter in the teaching of Mother tongue. Data was collected by way of questionnaire and actual observation. Twenty seven (27) lower primary teachers were selected. The teachers were selected from nine (9) randomly selected primary schools out of the eighty six (86) primary schools in Emuhaya Division. The teachers responded to the questionnaire and besides the questionnaire, six (6) of the twenty seven (27) teachers were observed in actual classroom teaching situation. The twenty seven (27) sample teachers revealed that most of the primary school teachers are not properly trained in the methods of teaching Mother tongue. Hence most of them apart from using le.cture method do not employ the other methods of teaching Language (Mother tongue). Most of the teachers also do not provide the ~undamental basic prerequisite activities which prepare and help pupils in learning Mother tongue. It was further revealed that teachers do not seem to be aware of and hardly make use of the various techniques of evaluating Mother tongue. The most prominent methods used to evaluate Mother tongue are by use of tests and examinations. The findings also revealed that instructional materials that are essential for effective teaching of Mother tongue are inadequate both in quantity and variety. It was also revealed by the study that Mother tongue teachers have to grapple with problems such as lack of textbooks, lack of pupil motivation and interest, English and Kiswahili interference, inadequate instructional materials, , poor physical facilities and lack of effective training on the part of teachers who teach Mother tongue.