Analysis of factors that affect the standard of soccer in Africa: the case of East African Countries
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The performance of soccer teams in East Africa in continental competitions has always been low in comparison to other regions of Africa. Therefore, the study analysed factors that have affected the standard of soccer in East Africa. The study hypothesized that there would be no significant difference in the influence of facilities, equipment, funding, technical personnel, incentives, external exposure and criteria of the appointment of coaches in the development of soccer in East Africa. Data was collected using questionnaires from soccer stakeholders (N=639) purposively selected from Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The stakeholders included soccer players (n=246 or 38.5%), coaches (n= 127 or 19.9%), referees (n = 79 Or 12.4%) and other stakeholders (N = 157 or 38.49%). Data was analysed through one- ~. way ANOVA and resulting significant differences were taken through Turkey HSB at 0.05 level of significance. Results revealed that Uganda was perceived to be adequate in terms of soccer facilities, equipment, technical personnel, funding, incentive provision and qualified coaches. Kenya and Tanzania were perceived to follow Uganda respectively.. The differences between the three countries were significant (P<0.05) in soccer facilities, equipment, technically trained personnel, funding, incentives, qualified coaches and external exposure for coaches. The main factors that have hindered the development of soccer in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania are funding, lack of transparency and soccer facilities and equipment.
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