Impact of wastage on KCSE performance in secondary schools in Kandara Sub County, Murang’a County, Kenya
Waihenya, H. Wambui
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The main purpose of this study was to identify the impact of wastage on KCSE performance in secondary schools in Kandara Sub County, Murang’a County. Despite the huge inputs into the education system, there’s a general outcry from all education stakeholders over the decline in standards, quality and subsequent inability to secure gainful employment and admission at the end of secondary school. The study endeavored to examine types and causes of wastages in secondary schools, investigated impact on performance and determined strategies to curb wastages in secondary schools in Kandara Sub County, Murang’a County. The research employed a descriptive survey study design. The target population comprised of all the 55 secondary schools in Kandara Sub County. Simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used to determine the sample size. Questionnaires and interview schedules were used to collect data. Research instruments were piloted to test their validity and reliability. Data was obtained and analyzed by use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) computer package to determine impact of wastage on KCSE performance in secondary schools in Kandara Sub County, Murang’a County. Both qualitative and quantitative data analysis was used. Quantitatively the study used numerical data to explore traits and situations. Responses from questionnaire, interview schedules were organized according to pertinent aspects of the study. The findings were presented through descriptive statistics by use of frequencies, tables, graphs and pie-charts. The research findings would help minimize cases of dropout and repetition among students. It would also help teachers curb wastages among learners in Kandara Sub County. Policy makers could use the research findings to formulate policies to curb wastages in the education sector country wide. The study established that wastages did exist in secondary schools in Kandara Sub County in terms of absenteeism, repetition and dropout. These wastages could have been caused by lack of school fees, indiscipline, poor health, parental influence, peer influence and drugs. These wastages contributed to poor KCSE performance, repetition and dropout. The research findings also established measures to curb these wastages which included; guidance and counseling, peer teaching, creating extra time for syllabus coverage and provision of bursaries to maintain needy students in school. The research findings recommended; provision of bursaries, guidance and counseling and cooperation between parents and teachers through meetings could avert wastages in secondary schools. Further research on impact of wastages on KCPE performance in primary schools in Kandara and neighboring Sub Counties was recommended.