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dc.contributor.authorMwathe, P.M.
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-15T09:23:01Z
dc.date.available2014-12-15T09:23:01Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.citationCoatings 2014, 4(4), 747-755; doi:10.3390/coatings4040747en_US
dc.identifier.issn2079-6412
dc.identifier.other2079-6412
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.mdpi.com/2079-6412/4/4/747/pdf
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/11846
dc.descriptiondoi:10.3390/coatings4040747en_US
dc.description.abstractPd-F:SnO2 thin films have been prepared by spray pyrolysis technique. Optimization has been done by doping SnO2 with palladium at varying levels of concentration and then recording sheet resistance. The sheet resistivity has been observed to decrease gradually as at% Pd concentration is increased; an optimum sheet resistivity value of 2.71 × 10−2 Ω cm has been recorded. The decrease in sheet resistivity has been attributed to presence of Pd ions which contribute in increment of charge carrier density. Using the optimum value of at% Pd doping, the same procedure has been repeated to study the effect of fluorine on Pd:SnO2; an optimum value of 1.64 × 10−4 Ω cm sheet resistivity has been recorded. This decrease has been attributed to substitution of O− with those of fluorine hence improving charge carrier density. The effect of passivation has been studied by comparing as prepared, annealed and passivated Pd-F:SnO2 thin films. Annealing has been observed to decrease the sheet resistivity to 1.21 × 10−4 Ω cm, while passivation has the effect of increasing the sheet resistivity to 1.53 × 10−4 Ω cm which is attributed to effects resulting from annealing the samples in nitrogen gas atmosphereen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.subjectspray pyrolysisen_US
dc.subjectfluorine dopingen_US
dc.subjectpalladium dopingen_US
dc.subjectcodopingen_US
dc.subjectannealing passivationen_US
dc.subjectF-co-doped Pd:SnO2 (Pd-F:SnO2)en_US
dc.subjectpalladium and fluorine co-dopingen_US
dc.titleEffect of Surface Passivation on Electrical Properties of Pd-F:SnO2 Thin Films Prepared by Spray Pyrolysis Techniqueen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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