Assessment of Beach Hotels Adaptation Capacity to Climate Variability : The Case of Mombasa County , Kenya
Koske, James K.A.
Dzoga, M. N.
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Climate change has been a worrying issue all over the world. The variability in terms of intensity and frequency of rainfall, wind, and temperature has impacted various ecosystems and economic activities especially in developing countries. Low lying coastal regions are vulnerable to the rise of sea level and storms. This affects the tourism economy which is a primary economic activity among the beach hotels in Mombasa County. In order to sustain tourism economy, the beach hotels need to cope with prevailing climate variability. This study, therefore, assessed the capacity of beach hotels to cope with climate variability in Mombasa County, Kenya. Chi-square analysis showed no significant difference on on-shore vegetation cover, rainwater harnessing and establishment of seawall barriers (P > 0.05). Strategies established by the beach hotels in Mombasa County were not effective to cope with climate variability thus are unable to sustain tourism economy during climate variability era.