Determinants of Volunteers' Turnover in International Organizations: The Case of United Nations Volunteers in Kenya
Mugo, Judy Karimi.
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The ability to retain volunteers has proved a challenge to many international organizations. This is no exception for many volunteers engaged in international organizations. Volunteers are more intrinsically motivated compared to extrinsic motivation and their need is to make a valued contribution by giving back to the community and skill acquisition. The aim of this study is to establish the factors determining volunteers' turnover with a special focus on United Nations national Volunteers in Kenya. Hopefully, the outcome of this study will contribute to greater understanding on various challenges international organizations go through in trying to retain volunteers. The study will adopt a descriptive research design Managers from various UN agencies, and current Volunteers as well as former United Nations Volunteers in Kenya will be interviewed with a view to gaining more insight into the factors that trigger a high turnover of such in Kenya. A semi-structured questionnaire and an interview guide will be used for primary data collection. Two theories will be used to analyze the data namely Hertzberg's Two Factors Theory and Abraham Maslow's Theory of Hierarchy of needs.