Gender Dimensions in Guidance and Counselling among Students in Public Secondary Schools Public Secondary Schools in Githunguri District, Kiambu County
Kinyanjui, Alice Wambui
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One aspect of counselling in the educational system is to help boys and girls alike, to develop their capacities to the full. However, little is documented on the effect of gender factors in guidance and counselling among students in public secondary schools. The purpose of this study was to investigate how gender issues affect guidance and counselling among students in public secondary schools in Githunguri District, Kiambu County. The research had the following objectives; To find out the guidance and counselling issues among students in public secondary; to investigate if there are gender issues in guidance and counselling in secondary schools with reference to Githunguri District, whether students' issues are adequately addressed by guidance and counselling departments in secondary schools and to obtain views of teacher counsellors and students on the enhancement of guidance and the counselling departments. The research adopted a descriptive survey sample design by use of both quantitative and qualitative methods. The target population were public secondary school students in Githunguri District. Counsellor teachers in public secondary schools were used as key informants in this study. Both stratified and simple random sampling techniques were applied to select the sample of the study. Data were collected using a questionnaire and analyzed using the statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).The findings are presented using tables and frequency distributions to enhance clarity. The study findings reveal that there are more female teacher counsellors than male counsellors and more female than male students sought guidance and counselling services. The study also revealed that students' issues are not adequately addressed by the guidance and counselling programme. The study recommends that secondary school principals should appoint more male teachers in guidance and counselling and that in-service courses on gender issues should be held for teachers who offer guidance and counselling services in schools. It further recommends that school Principals should not engage teacher counsellors in disciplinary activities since that amount to role conflict. Finally students' issues should be kept secret by those entrusted in guidance and counselling.