Inter-organizational information systems adoption by universities in Kenya
Waithaka, Stephen Titus
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Inter-organizational information systems (IOISs) are internet based information systems that electronically link organizations together to automate information flows and coordinate inter-organization activities between them. Kenya government, in collaborationwith other stakeholders involved in enhancing teaching and research in the learninginstitutions have constructed a terrestrial fiber-optic network that connects most institutions of higher learning to enable them integrate their facilities for the purpose of sharing resources. Despite these efforts, adoption of Inter-Organization Information Systems (JOIS) by universities in Kenya is far from being realized. This begs the question as to what determines lOrS adoption in the universities. This study fiIIed this gap by analyzing determinants of Jors adopting in the universities in Kenya, given the mixed results from empirical evidence on JOrS adoption generally. A broad understanding of these factors is important to the policy makers who can embrace the motivating factors to enhance the adoption of the Jors and suppress the barriers of its adoption.A cross-sectional descriptive survey was carried out using both qualitative and quantitativemethods and a census done on 68 universities in Kenya. Data were coIIected usingboth questionnaires and semi-structured interview guide. University managers providedthe required data. A logit regression procedure was used to analyze the collected data.The study revealed that the lors adoption is low adoption in the universities in Kenya, which was attributed to various factors. The public universities were found to have a higher level of rors adoption compared to the private universities. Factors that were found to influencing rors adoption were top management support, number of personnel with rors skills, availability of internet infrastructure, number of satellite campuses,perceived strategic ben~fits of the lors technology and perceived transactional benefit of the lors technology. The study recommended that: top management in the universitiesin Kenya should be educated on the strategic and transactional benefits of IOIS in the universities, universities should have skilled personnel on lOTS technology, universities should establish satellite campuses, universities should allocate more resourcesnecessary for the improvement of the internet infrastructure and that the governmentof Kenya should put strategies in place to stimulate universities in Kenya to adoptthe rors.